In the nineteenth (19th) century, coffee was big business in Europe and especially in Italy. As designers and developers tried to improve brews and reduce brewing time, the espresso coffee came to life
For many coffee passionate drinkers, only espresso is coffee.
Espresso Coffee is the purest distillation of the strong flavoured coffee beans, the exact essence of a bean.
In a different sense, it is also the first instant coffee. Before espresso “borne”, it could take up to five minutes –just imagine!! …five whole minutes!– for a cup of coffee to brew.
But what actually is espresso and how did it manage to govern our morning habits? Although many people are familiar with espresso these days, there is often still some confusion over what it actually is.
And first of all, and most importantly, espresso is not a roasting method. It is neither a coffee bean nor a blend. It is a technique of coffee preparation.
More specifically, it is a preparation method in which highly-pressurized hot water is forced over coffee grounds to produce a very concentrated coffee drink with a deep, robust and aromatic flavour.
Making espresso coffee with espresso machines started long ago in Europe and especially in southern Europe and Milan, Italy. There they started about 180 years ago making espresso as soon as they found out how! And middle of 1940’s and especially 1945 Achille’s Gaggia created the espresso coffee maker that many people and coffee bar all over started using it to make the beverage and in USA too.
In the beginning of 19th century, coffee was a very huge business in Europe with cafes booming across the continent. But coffee brewing was a slow process and, as is still an issue today, many customers over and over again had to wait for their “brew”. Seeing an opportunity in the growing steam applications, inventors across Europe began to explore ways of using steam coffee machines to minimise brewing time – this was, after all, the age of steam.
Espresso makers were popular in European countries quite some time prior to the appeal of these devices in the United States. You might be shocked to find out that the first espresso maker in Europe developed about 100 years before these machines were actually introduced in America. As we know, a man named Louis Bernard Babaut created an espresso machine (may be the first espresso machine in the world or was this one from Angelo Moriondo?) in the very first half of the 19th Century. Amazing!!
Though there were surely a big amount of prototypes and patents, the invention of the machine and the method that would lead to espresso is usually attributed to Angelo Moriondo in Turin (Italy), who was developed a patent in 1884 for “new steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverage.” The machine consisted of a very big boiler, heated to 1.5 bars of pressure that pushed water through a large bed of coffee grounds on demand, with a second boiler producing steam that would flash the bed of coffee and complete the brew.
Though Moriondo’s discovery was the first coffee machine we know to use both steam and water the same time, it was only a bulk brewer created for the Turin General Exposition. Moriondo’s coffee machine was in large part to what we might think of today as a “branding failure” and that’s way Moriondo has been largely lost to history. There were never any “Moriondo” machines, there are no verifiable machines still in existence, and there aren’t even photographs of his work.
The two men who would expand and improve on Morinodo’s design to produce a single serving espresso would not make that same mistake as he did.
Even more down the road, though, another espresso machine was developed this time and his creator was Luigi Bezzera.
Luigi Bezzera designed an improved patent of the first machine on April 28, 1903 with the Patent no: US726793 A. He called the development the “Voila”. This patent was bought by the founder of the well-known La Pavoni Company, which produced from 1905 these espresso machines commercially and on a small scale in Milan.
Multiple machine designs have been created to produce the amazing and famous espresso. Several machines share some common elements, such as a group-head and a porta-filter. An espresso machine may also have a steam wand which is used to steam and froth liquids (such as milk) for coffee drinks such as cappuccino and cafe latte.
Even though the purpose of the espresso machine, however, was to make espresso in a much easier method, the maker still had actually to be managed by someone who knew exactly what they were doing. Lots of individuals state that his first espresso machine might manage at least one thousand shots of espresso an hour, which is a remarkable rate for the first espresso device constructed!
If you’re interested in the automated espresso device, however, this concept was later on introduced in the very first half of the 1900s.
Franceso Illy developed the first automatic espresso coffee machine.
In 1935, Illeta created the first coffee maker used compressed air instead of steam for his coffee device. The problem of “exploding espresso coffee makers” was solved by this machine & gave a much stable and safer result.
The espresso coffee maker created by Achille’s Gaggia bears his name in 1945. In his invention was included the lever action and even today we can get the very modern versions of both Illeta and Gaggia espresso coffee machine creators. An electric rotating pump was created by Ernest Valente in 1950. The pump allowed a continuous, even flow of water through the coffee creator.
Illy continued to simplify the espresso coffee maker process, in 1970’s, when he introduced a machine that united the best parts of older espresso coffee maker procedures. His machine was very simple to use, used double filters and costs less than other coffee makers.
Super automatic espresso coffee makers were born in the 70’s. Now they are the standard coffee machines almost all over the world. The machines continue to developing and get better.
There you have it: almost everything you have ever needed to know about how espresso devices entered coffee preparing and production!
They are preferred in Europe, the United States and all over the world today, but we must keep in mind that they were introduced by numerous other avid espresso lovers just as we are!